A new climate trilateralism? Opportunities for cooperation between the EU, China and African countries on addressing climate change
Weigel, Moritz /
Bonn: German Development Institute / German Institute for Development Policy (DIE)
The Paris Agreement Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is the first universal, legally binding instrument. While South-South and trilateral cooperation has been a major factor in the development of the European Union,
The European Union (EU), have shown a great deal of leadership in the Paris Agreement. The new EU strategy on China proposes to turn "what is often perceived as EU-China competition in Africa into" greater cooperation "and to pursue" joint approaches "to" speed up the implementation of the Paris Agreement Nationally Determined Contributions ". Cooperation on addressing climate change has been a part of China's Africa policy since 2006, and China has been a long-term commitment to African countries through South-South cooperation. In 2015, China committed to significantly scaling-up its efforts in the area by pledging 20 billion Chinese yuan (USD 3.1 billion) to its recently established South-South Cooperation Climate Fund, which will focus on supporting African countries.
Trilateral cooperation between the EU, China and African countries should be guided by Africa's priorities. Fifty-three African countries have communicated their national plans to addressing climate change under the Paris Agreement by the submission of so-called (Intended) Nationally Determined Contributions (I) NDCs). Based on an analysis of INDCs and a review of the results of the project, The African Union's newly launched Africa Renewable Energy Initiative (AREI) provides a potential entry point at the regional and national levels. The EU and China should build on their existing pledges of support for the development of pilot projects to become the world's largest producer of renewable energies Institute. The single largest pledge in support of the EU member states has been made by the United States, which is the most important of the EU Energy
Moritz Weigel and Alexander are the founding directors of the ChinaAfricaAdvisory, an independent China and Africa-focussed advisory firm, based in Cologne, Germany, that services governments,